Uses and Abuses of Psychology [E–pub/Kindle]

  • Paperback
  • 320
  • Uses and Abuses of Psychology
  • Hans Jürgen Eysenck
  • English
  • 11 October 2020
  • 9780140202816

Hans Jürgen Eysenck ☆ 4 Read & Download

Uses and Abuses of Psychology Read & Download Ê 4 Cupational selection psychotherapy and its effects national differences racial intolerance Gallup surveys industrial productivity and many others In each case psychological findings are submitted to a searching criticism and a clear distinction made between those uses of psychology where enough is known to support social action and those abuses where personal opinions rather than experimentally demonstrated fact seem to be involv. Late in the night a witch curb alerted on a neighborhood facebook group I inexplicably moderate offering her hexing library she said she didn t have the room any because was moving presumably to the astral plane I jumped on that and after a brief blood ritual and some empty promises about my first born I was the proud owner of three bigass cardboard boxes full of grimoiresMost of them did not spark joy and I dumped them in the thrift shop the next day this is called the circle of life I kept around a dozen because they looked interesting or entertaining or were The OdysseyThis was the first one I tried Seventy years ago it would ve been four stars I m sure As a rule of thumb keep your science modern and your philosophy ancient or you ll wind up a zealot or a nihilist

review Uses and Abuses of PsychologyUses and Abuses of Psychology

Uses and Abuses of Psychology Read & Download Ê 4 Ychologist has tried to strike a balance to indicate to what extent the claims made for his science are justified and to what extent they fail to have any factual basis The discussion is very fully documented by references to the most important and relevant researches carried out in this country and abroad Topics dealt with are the testing of intelligence selection procedures in schools and universities vocational guidance and oc. Hans Eysenck was one of the most important and influential psychologists of the 20th century being at the time of his retirement the most cited social scientist in the World He was especially known for his view that of psychology should be subject to the same criteria as any other science eg it should produce falsifiable predictions and for his refusal to subordinate scientific truth to political considerationsIn the course of his career he produced several pioneering books demystifying psychology for the general public in particular a seminal trilogy later expanded to a uartet for Penguin He was an exceptionally lucid and entertaining writer and the books sold millions of copies and were translated into several other languages The uartet comprisesUses and Abuses of PsychologySense and Nonsense in PsychologyFact and Fiction in PsychologyPsychology Is about People Uses and Abuses lays the foundations for the later works Like the others its emphasis is on what we know and how we know it how certain scientifically we can be of the answers and how society can best make use of themIn an introductory account of some ways in which psychology has already changed society especially as regards selection tests the author describes his intent Citizens in a democratic society need to be told in clear unambiguous language just what is the present position in a scientific field Without such knowledge there arises a dangerous gap between scientist and citizen a gap which prevents the one from making the best use of the contribution the other has to offer and which encourages the misunderstandings which have bedevilled their relations for so long Yet unfortunately psychologists for various reasons have usually fought shy of writing for anyone but other psychologists It is in the hope of redressing this balance to some extent that I have written this book The title will indicate the thread which runs through all the various chapters They all deal with the application of psychological discoveries to social problems The introduction also describes the differences between psychologists psychiatrists and psychoanalysts There is too a crie de c ur The physicist is in a rather favourable position Few people imagine themselves to be experts in his field or to know about it than he does In addition the great prestige of his science makes people accept his statements without apparent proof How different is the position of the psychologist There are few people who in their heart of hearts do not resent his assumption of superior knowledge of human behaviour who do not feel that they know far about people and some embittered comments with anecdotes about the treatment of psychology by politicians and the mass mediaThe book proper is divided into four parts of four chapters each1 Intelligence Testing2 Vocational Psychology3 Abnormal Behaviour4 Social AttitudesPart 1 answers the usual uestion What do I tests really measure and describes the various components of general intelligence such as verbal fluency arithmetical ability etc It then goes on to the predictive value the tests and addresses the vexed uestion Is our national intelligence declining Also touched upon is the underlying physiological basis of intelligence upon which Eysenck later developed a full fledged theoryPart 2 begins by discussing out the huge differences between the best and worst performers in various occupations and the dreadful reliability of interviews as a selection techniue It continues to describe the dramatic improvements in important areas such as in driver safety that have been achieved with psychological tests Also addressed are student selection and officer selection in wartime the latter results being particularly dramatic with some interesting sidelights being thrown on the OSS Finally productivity and motivation are addressedI can t resist uoting one anecdote from this part during the War a study was made of the most efficient way to fire a gun The Drill Manual mandated ten soldiers for this task None was working than half the time One soldier did nothing whatever His task used to be that of holding the officer s horse the horse had vanished into the limbo of forgotten things but the drill still reuired someone to be there Parts 3 4 are even diverse but it s impossible to do them justice in this already long review The former is notable for a devastating critiue which made Eysenck famous of Freudian psychoanalysis the latter addresses such fascinating subjects as the psychology of politics national stereotypes including anti semitism and Gallup PollsIt s astonishing how well Uses and Abuses stands up after 60 years It and its siblings were what got me interested in psychology decades ago and I still consider them the best introduction I ve ever read certainly both accurate and much interesting than the politically neutral and neutered pap that passes for introductory textbooks in some schoolsI recommend it unhesitatinglyThis was of course written before the discovery of the Flynn Effect

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Uses and Abuses of Psychology Read & Download Ê 4 Psychology occupies a somewhat ambiguous place in the world today Its findings are being widely applied in clinics in industry in education and in the armed forces At the same time many intelligent people are critical of the alleged laws of human behavior discovered by psychologists psychiatrists and psychoanalysts and doubtful about the applicability of scientific methods to the study of human beings In this book a well known ps. At the time this book was written Psychology was very heavily dependent on uestionnaires as a research method This book is mostly the results of such tests Some 10% of the book is handed over to a reproduction of one such test to fill yourself and the results have little persuasive power today One highlight is the passionate critiue of psychoanalysis The rest of the book covers areas such as personality types worker efficiency academic performance anti antisemitism and sexuality ALL of them owe their insight to various uestionnaires When not the anecdotal uality of the evidence can be eually unconvincing check out the scientifically correct terminology reported from this working class lothario A C Kinsey points out that similar differences exist between different classes in the same society Thus nudity is considered almost an essential concomitant of intercourse among practically all college trained males who find it difficult to comprehend that anyone should regularly and as a matter of preference have intercourse while clothed On the other hand among those with the least amount of education those who favour nudity in intercourse constitute an actual minority Nudity by them is regarded as far indecent than intercourse Kinsey mentions the case of one highly promiscuous male who had had intercourse with several hundred girls and who emphasized the fact that he had never turned down an opportunity to have intercourse except on one occasion when the girl started to remove her clothing before coitus She was too indecent to have intercourse with pg 189 In the chapter on politics Eysenck is refreshingly frank about his own stance on political culture and his liberal views This is interesting in retrospect since many of his views shockingly liberal at the time such as his relativistic views of cultural norms on sexuality are today uite the orthodoxy and so now the pendulum swings back to the right with today s Eysenck Steven Pinker That said an old fashioned high standard of public discourse such as Eysenck s is antiue than prescient today Few who read faithfully the speeches of British Members of Parliament or of American Senators will deny the lack of elementary factual knowledge the absence of logical consistency and the barrenness of intellectual understanding so often betrayed there For the achievement of high office is probably as much of a handicap as it is in dictatorships the ualities demanded for success are of an emotional crowd appeal kind than of an intellectual nature Even so however the interplay of democratic processes and the rivalry of party machines do give intelligence a better chance to make it self heard in the long run than does the rigidity of a dictatorship Probably the ancient Greek system of choosing public officials by lot would give the highly intelligent person a better chance still because lots are not intrinsically biassed against intelligence pg 310The future that Eysenck looked forward to was one in which grand intellectual systems nationalistic or racial stereotypes and gut feelings of all sorts would be calmly and civilly explained to be illusions by the loving grace of the uestionnaire With the above uote in mind I am curious to know what he made of the rise of objective testing measures such as the proliferation of multiple choice exams and the eventual effect this has made on the uality of logical rhetorical and factual knowledge shown by even the most highly educated members of societyFor a colorful and enduring work by Eysenck also in a pelican read his seuel Sense and Nonsense in Psychology