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review Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte Download ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Karl Jaspers Karl Jaspers ¼ 5 review First published in English in 1953 this important book from eminent philosopher Karl Jaspers deals with the philsophy of the history of mankind More specifical. In The Origin and Goal of History Karl Jaspers having survived World War II with his Jewish wife in Germany seems to have set out a program for bringing about a world of peace order tolerance and human connectedness In laying out this program he lays out concepts of the Axial Period the effects on humanity of science and technology world history communication and philosophical faith He also for me confounds the whole discussion with terminology such as spirit Being being the One and the Comprehensive It would have been useful for the translator to have added some notes giving the English reader a sense of a the German original and b why the translation chosen was used Also some of the sentences never did make sense to me I wonder if the translator always understood what he was translatingI started the book because it is often cited as one of the sources of the current discussion on the concept of the Axial Age among historians philosophers anthropologists and sociologists I soon realized that the book was not written to explain the concept but rather it introduced the concept as a tool within the larger task of establishing a philosophically based project to move humanity towards an ordered societyAs much as I tried to maintain a neutral position with regard to the writing I never did come to terms with the use of some of the above cited terminology In particular I do not know what Jaspers meant in citing concepts of spirit and Beingbeing Are these remnants of Hegel who Jaspers tends to reject throughout the book As an existentialist is he using being like Heidegger or like Sartre I have never grasped the existentialists using Being as if referencing a substance It appears to give a transcendent sense to the discussion Of course Jaspers wants to discuss transcendence Generally that which is transcendent cannot be known at least until we encounter itand then we cannot put it into words At the same time humanity must encounter transcendence in order to move towards the universal ordered society The One and the Comprehensive seem to fall into this category I chased history through the book finally coming to the discussion of it in Part Three History has several definitions here I am certain that I have not grasped them all As with Hegel there are the common usages of the word as being the flow of events in the documented past as well as the study of those events Beyond that like Hegel Jaspers appears to have suggested that there is a certain substance to history beyond that History seems to exist as an entity unto itself with a goal of its own But of course it only exists because of man I am not sure as to what this is Is it transcendent For me the greatest value in the book lay in the fact that it forced me to think and to challenge my own assumptions Jaspers goals while not realistic as even he admits are laudable and I uestioned my own goals in studying philosophy history language and literature What am I looking for My project to understand what I am what we areto grasp what myour underlying values are and where they come from in our historical background in Western society apparently lies at the heart of Jaspers project While a confirmed skeptic I understand Jaspers concept of philosophical faith Jaspers supposition that faith must work hand and hand with the religion of the Bible is completely foreign to me as is his vaguely ChristianHegelian idea of history working towards an end either Heaven for all or Hell for all even though he is clear that such an end will never be reachedThis last point was important for Jaspers as he wanted to make it clear that his project would not be confused with that of Hegel Marx Stalin on the one side or Hitler Mussolini or Franco on the other He did not want to see his ideas slide into dogma There is much to this book than I have summarized A perfect review would take me many months to complete and a great deal of effort I have neither to spare Finally the effort of reading the book pays off in that as with reading Martin Buber the brain is engaged and the art of reading is reinforced That is enough for me As for the Axial Age I shall seek it elsewhere

review Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der GeschichteVom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte

review Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte Download ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Karl Jaspers Karl Jaspers ¼ 5 review Ly its avowed aim is to assist in heightening our awareness of the present by placing it within the framework of the long obscurity of prehistory and the bound. I ve seen freuent references to the axial period of world history 800 200 BCE with 500 BCE the specific axial point and was curious This term comes from Karl Jaspers and this book During this period Jaspers argues that a mythical age was replaced with reflective consciousness and sophisticated ethical thought In this age he writes were born the fundamental categories within which we still think today and the beginnings of the world religions by which human beings still live were created The step into universality was taken in every sense Jaspers states that this development occurred independently of each other among the religious and philosophical leaders Zoroaster the Jewish prophets the Greek philosophers Buddha Lao Tse from China India Persia Judea and Greece all of which became centers of spiritual radiation Everything implied by these names Jaspers writes developed during these few centuries almost simultaneously in China India and the West without any one of these regions knowing of the others This Axis Age notion deserves a re examination not that it did not happen but why it happened Jaspers has a grand view a philosophical view of history in his words that is in scope and ambition akin to Hegel s historical progression toward the Absolute Jaspers argues that humankind s development is toward Being itself whatever that might mean and that the Axial Age was the point at which human history pivoted from spiritual privation to enlightenment The key point for Jaspers is not the simultaneity of occurrence but that each of these enlightened centers developed independently It is this point that gets repeated like a virus by various historians philosophers and commentators about the Axial Age suggesting that something special happened hereFor Jaspers this development was special because it revealed the manifestation of Being in history a message to the world and an inspiration to transcend creed and historicity liberation It is a message that an exclusive possession of truth that tool of fanaticism of human arrogance and self deception through the will to powercan be vanuished by the very fact that God has manifested himself historically in several fashions and has opened up many ways toward Himself It is as though the deity were issuing a warning through the language of universal history against the claim to exclusiveness in the obsession of truth This for Jaspers is the meaning of the Axial Period Jaspers examines and rebuts other possibilities to explain how this independent development of this thinking occurred but his argument is perfunctory and not convincing In reference to migration trade and such Jaspers in the end concludes that Real communications and stimuli between and among these regions must be ruled out Really There are some strong similarities in that narrow belt that extends from China to southern Europe and perhaps that s a clue Plato s dialogues can be read in many respects as if they are right out of the Vedas which interestingly reputedly means knowledge in Sanskrit Transmigration karma and judgments in an afterlife caste divisions and Brahmin priests as holders of knowledge and wisdom perfection liberation the inanimate soul and union with the one Maya and this world of illusion itinerant teachers of opinion and yogis etc all suggest cross fertilization of thought and practice Will Durant for one Volume I Our Oriental Heritage The Story of Civilization sees a significance to the term Indo European that goes beyond language He says that the Persian people are closely akin to Vedic India and specifically that Aryan invaders of India were branches of a stock from the Caspian sea He states that the Mohenjo daro people whose origin dates to around 2600 BCE had commercial religious and artistic connections with Sumeria and Babylonia and that it survived over three thousand years until the third century before Christ In a footnote Durant also writes that Vedic deities such as Indra Mitra and Varuna are mentioned in a treaty concluded by the Aryan Hittites and Mitannians at the beginning of the fourteenth century BC He notes that in 860 BCE there was trade with Mesopotamia Arabia and Egypt involving Indian products such as perfumes spices cotton and silk and that it is likely that the Brahma script was brought to India by Hindu merchants in the 8th or 9th centuries BCE from the West Regarding religious thoughts Durant writes that Some Upanishads are older than any extant form of Greek philosophy and Pyhthagoras Parmenides and Plato seem to have been influenced by Indian metaphysics Durant does not delve into the connections between India and China during this period but there is web based information that lists important connections These include numerous Mahabharata references to China in the 5th Century BCE evidence of maritime intercourse between India and China as early as 680 BCE and references to Indian rishis in China in the 3rd Century BCE It is also interesting to note that in some discussions of the five main human migration prongs out of Africa three Europe India and China are thought to have had strong interconnections whereas the other two Pacific Islands and the Americas were isolated from the rest of humankind and were as it were on their own This might be additional evidence to counter Jaspers thesis regarding the isolation of these cultures from each other and may help to explain how the cultures of the Pacific Islands and the Americas failed to manifest Jaspers Being in history thesis In short given all of this counter evidence there s enough here to suggest that the Jaspers theme regarding the independent appearance of Being in history needs a reassessment As used by Jaspers the Axial Period has a loaded meaning It s not so much the blossoming of humans as it is a manifestation of Being in the world Axial also suggests a central point in world history Clearly it was for Jaspers and his spiritual theme but others can eually argue that it s just an extension of a mythical age or that it has no greater standing then say the development of agriculture or the industrial era or now the communication revolution And while Jaspers is right to caution against exclusive claims to truth creeds and cultures he seems to be saying that the only real truth is Being and that type of claim always raises red flags The main part of the Jaspers book is a full treatment of his philosophical history part of Being s plan for us despite our contemporary nihilistic tendencies hence Jaspers ties to the existentialists Jaspers writing style is challenging In many instances with his lofty jargon I had no idea what he was saying Glory Goals and Greed yogis etc all suggest cross fertilization of thought and practice Will Durant for one Volume I Our Oriental Heritage The Story of Civilization sees a significance to the term Indo European that goes beyond language He says that the Persian people are closely akin to Vedic India and specifically that Aryan invaders of India were branches of a stock from the Caspian sea He states that the Mohenjo daro people whose origin dates to around 2600 BCE had commercial religious and artistic connections with Sumeria and Babylonia and that it survived over three thousand Spoken From the Front 2 years until the third century before Christ In a footnote Durant also writes that Vedic deities such as Indra Mitra and Varuna are mentioned in a treaty concluded by the Aryan Hittites and Mitannians at the beginning of the fourteenth century BC He notes that in 860 BCE there was trade with Mesopotamia Arabia and Egypt involving Indian products such as perfumes spices cotton and silk and that it is likely that the Brahma script was brought to India by Hindu merchants in the 8th or 9th centuries BCE from the West Regarding religious thoughts Durant writes that Some Upanishads are older than any extant form of Greek philosophy and Pyhthagoras Parmenides and Plato seem to have been influenced by Indian metaphysics Durant does not delve into the connections between India and China during this period but there is web based information that lists important connections These include numerous Mahabharata references to China in the 5th Century BCE evidence of maritime intercourse between India and China as early as 680 BCE and references to Indian rishis in China in the 3rd Century BCE It is also interesting to note that in some discussions of the five main human migration prongs out of Africa three Europe India and China are thought to have had strong interconnections whereas the other two Pacific Islands and the Americas were isolated from the rest of humankind and were as it were on their own This might be additional evidence to counter Jaspers thesis regarding the isolation of these cultures from each other and may help to explain how the cultures of the Pacific Islands and the Americas failed to manifest Jaspers Being in history thesis In short given all of this counter evidence there s enough here to suggest that the Jaspers theme regarding the independent appearance of Being in history needs a reassessment As used by Jaspers the Axial Period has a loaded meaning It s not so much the blossoming of humans as it is a manifestation of Being in the world Axial also suggests a central point in world history Clearly it was for Jaspers and his spiritual theme but others can eually argue that it s just an extension of a mythical age or that it has no greater standing then say the development of agriculture or the industrial era or now the communication revolution And while Jaspers is right to caution against exclusive claims to truth creeds and cultures he seems to be saying that the only real truth is Being and that type of claim always raises red flags The main part of the Jaspers book is a full treatment of his philosophical history part of Being s plan for us despite our contemporary nihilistic tendencies hence Jaspers ties to the existentialists Jaspers writing style is challenging In many instances with his lofty jargon I had no idea what he was saying

Download ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Karl Jaspers

review Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte Download ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Karl Jaspers Karl Jaspers ¼ 5 review Less realm of possibilities which lie within the undecided futureThis analysis is split into 3 partsWorld historyThe present and the futureThe meaning of histo. This book is famous now for its opening discussion of the Axial Age which gave rise Jaspers contends to our kind of humanity of which in modern times we have become acutely and critically aware Not exactly a systematic philosophy of history so that at times it can seem that Jaspers is simply long winded andor running off down rabbit holes Nonetheless I am increasingly drawn into this book Much in Jaspers characterization of his present remains applicable although in interestingly different ways all in all I suspect he would be dismayed at how little we have succeeded in meeting the challenges he saw and foresaw for a world society which he believed was naturally striving toward liberty through socialism and political unity His comments on eternal faith and the faith of the future deserve rumination We shall not likely transcend the Axial paradigm he suggests and yet we must find some way to rejuvenate it


4 thoughts on “PDF READ Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte

  1. says: PDF READ Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte Karl Jaspers ¼ 5 review Download ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Karl Jaspers

    PDF READ Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte In The Origin and Goal of History Karl Jaspers having survived World War II with his Jewish wife in Germany seems to have set out a program for bringing about a world of peace order tolerance and human connectedness In laying out this program he lays out concepts of the Axial Period the effects on humanity of

  2. says: Karl Jaspers ¼ 5 review Download ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Karl Jaspers review Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte

    PDF READ Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte review Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte I’ve seen freuent references to the “axial period” of world history 800 200 BCE with 500 BCE the specific axial point and was curious This term comes from Karl Jaspers and this book During this period Jaspers argues that a my

  3. says: Karl Jaspers ¼ 5 review Download ☆ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free ¼ Karl Jaspers review Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte

    review Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte PDF READ Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte Karl Jaspers ¼ 5 review This book is famous now for its opening discussion of the Axial Age which gave rise Jaspers contends to our kind of humanity of which

  4. says: PDF READ Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte

    Karl Jaspers ¼ 5 review PDF READ Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte تصور می کنم همین کتاب یاسپرس باشد که توسط محمدحسن لطفی به عنو

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  • Hardcover
  • 294
  • Vom Ursprung und Ziel Der Geschichte
  • Karl Jaspers
  • English
  • 13 March 2019
  • 9780837189833