DOWNLOAD Å SALAMUSEO.CO ↠ James Reston Jr.
READ Dogs of God: Columbus, the Inquisition, and the Defeat of the Moors DOWNLOAD Å SALAMUSEO.CO ↠ James Reston Jr. James Reston Jr. ↠ 1 SUMMARY Ffort to consolidate its own burgeoning power by throwing off the yoke of the Vatican By waging war on the remaining Moors in Granada and unleashing the Inuisitor Toruemada on Spain’s Jewish and converso population King Ferdinand and ueen Isabella attained enough power and wealth to fu. A well written book with a journalistic flair but based on false estimates about the nature of medieval and ancient religion Reston begins by claiming that medieval Spain represents the apogee of tolerance and cross fertilization between the three great religions However his only evidence of this is that Jews Christians and Muslims lived side by side No attention is paid to the ghettos and cultural clashes of these centuries Reston only manages to praise Moorish rulers and spares no hyperbole in painting Islamic rulers as paragons of tolerance and cultureNot surprisingly he grossly mishandles early Christian faith claiming that ancient Christians were almost entirely passive about heresy up until the fourth century Here lurks the revisionist and anti Catholic canard that it was the great credal activity of the Fathers that introduced the concept of heresyThis book is only insightful then if one s only understanding of the period is out of balance than the views presented here Still the book only manages to provide an eually anachronistic model insteadREAD Dogs of God: Columbus, the Inquisition, and the Defeat of the Moors
READ Dogs of God: Columbus, the Inquisition, and the Defeat of the Moors DOWNLOAD Å SALAMUSEO.CO ↠ James Reston Jr. James Reston Jr. ↠ 1 SUMMARY Nd Columbus’ expedition to America and to chart a Spanish destiny separate from that of Italy With rich characterizations of the central players this engrossing narrative captures all the political and religious ferment of this crucial moment on the eve of the discovery of the New Worl. So much wonderfully written history out there and so little time In this book Reston shows the intersecting histories of Isabelle and Ferdinand s reigns the battles to win back lands lost to Muslim peoples the Expulsion of the Jews the Inuisition leading up to the terror of Toruenada and Columbus voyages of discovery amazing scholarship and good writing I learned a lot of surprising things For instance the pope apparently tried to reign in the Monarchs and reprimanded them about letting the inuisition go outside of the rules of law But he was all too happy to accept the results when they ignored him 909
DOWNLOAD Å SALAMUSEO.CO ↠ James Reston Jr.
READ Dogs of God: Columbus, the Inquisition, and the Defeat of the Moors DOWNLOAD Å SALAMUSEO.CO ↠ James Reston Jr. James Reston Jr. ↠ 1 SUMMARY From the acclaimed author of Warriors of God comes a riveting account of the pivotal events of 1492 when towering political ambitions horrific religious excesses and a drive toward international conuest changed the world foreverJames Reston Jr brings to life the epic story of Spain’s e. Interesting Facts I Learnt about the Spanish Inuisition Nobody expects the Spanish Inuisition Monty Python Toruemada the prime mover behind the Inuisition was the son of a converso ie he was half Jewish the son of a Jew who had converted to Christianity The Inuisition referred to being burnt on the stake as being relaxed How did they prove that a converso was really a secret Jew It could be by a denunciation made by a Christian Such a denunciation was accepted as the truth Many conversos worked as tax collectors collecting tax from Christians It could be by a denunciation made by another converso Conversos were encouraged to make a confession of the sincerity of their faith in Christ To show this you had to name all those conversos who were not sincere in their faith If you failed to denounce someone as a false converso and he or she was later denounced by someone else it showed your own confession of faith was insincere and hence you were a false converso If you were denounced after you had confessed the sincerity of your faith this showed that your confession was false and you were a false converso The Inuisition could call you in If appropriate torture could be used to extract a confession All property of false conversos was confiscated and given to the crown which was in debt because of the war against the Moors It could be because you didn t go to church or didn t eat pork Of course if you went to church and ate pork that did NOT show that you were NOT secretly a Jew That showed that you were a devious Jew It s uncanny how much this procedure by the Spanish Inuisition sounds like water boarding In this hideous remedy the prisoner was tied to a ladder that was sloped downward so that the head was lower than the feet The head was held fast in position by a metal band twigs were placed in the nostrils and ropes winched tightly around his appendages The mouth was forced open with a metal piece and a cloth placed over the mouth Then a pitcher of water was brought and water poured over the cloth With each swallow the cloth was drawn deeper into the throat until in gagging and choking the victim nearly asphyxiated The terror of suffocation was extreme and the process was repeated endlessly bloating the body grotesuely until the victim was ready to confessIsabella and Ferdinand thought that they were at the End Times The belief was that once Spain was cleansed a messianic king would go on to conuer Jerusalem and the Holy Land for God When this was done then Christ would return Ferdinand saw himself as this messianic king oddly enough called the Bat Isabella believed she was the reincarnation of the Virgin Mary I didn t know that Catholics believed in reincarnation Isabella had told Columbus that she would not finance his adventure to go west As Columbus was in the process of leaving Spain one guy convinced her at the last minute that she was wrong to decide this This guy was called Sant ngel He was a converso I wonder if it would have been any consolation to him if he had been told that the gold from the Americas would end up destroying Spain s economy
- Dogs of God: Columbus, the Inquisition, and the Defeat of the Moors
- James Reston Jr.
- 06 July 2020