Kronikë në gur E–book/E–pub

  • Hardcover
  • 301
  • Kronikë në gur
  • Ismail Kadare
  • English
  • 06 September 2020
  • 9781559708333

Ismail Kadare À 9 Free download

Kronikë në gur Free download ↠ 109 Instead an archaic backwater where a severed arm becomes a talisman and deflowered girls mysteriously vanish Woven between the chapters of the boy's story are tantalizing fragments of the city's history As the devastation mounts the fragments lose coherence and we perceive firsthand how the violence of war destroys than just buildings and bridges. Gjirokaster Albania in WWII is seen through the eyes of a young boy The town is invaded by the Italians Greeks Italians Greeks partisans and Germans It undergoes prolong air raids by the British The last third of the book introduces fully the partisans those for the King those for a republic and the CommunistsA town where the people seem to live happily with the only conflicts coming from family feuds fear of magic and sex homosexuality hermaphrodites pre marriage sex prostitution are all covered The old people have lived through the Ottoman Empire and have seen a lot of violenceKadare brings life to stones of the town raindrops roads rivers days of the weeks He takes no sides and relates the senseless brutal murders and deaths as a matter of fact these things are expected and need to be enduredHe also introduces Enver Hoxha who was born in the town and his book provides a forecast of the chaos that will come under his rule

review Kronikë në gurKronikë në gur

Kronikë në gur Free download ↠ 109 Aves of domination inundate his city Through the boy's eyes we see the terrors of World War II as he witnesses fascist invasions allied bombings partisan infighting and the many faces of human cruelty as well as the simple pleasures of life Evacuating to the countryside he expects to find an ideal world full of extraordinary things but discovers. I don t usually start reviews with background information on the author but I didn t know anything about Albanian writer Ismael Kadare before I picked up purely by chance this wonderful bookIn 2005 Kadare won the first Man Booker International Prize for a body of work written in or translated into English He writes in Albanian and most of his work is available in English translation via French his works published in France Chronicle in Stone was first published in Albanian in 1971 though Kadare had been working on elements of it since 1962 so it contains some of his earliest work He revised it himself a number of times until a finalized definitive text appeared simultaneously in Albanian and French in 1997 The 2007 edition I read is translated directly from the Albanian by Arshi Pipa with an introduction by David Bellos who has translated many Kadare works from French into English and edited this oneIn his introduction Bellos says that many plot lines and story fragments introduced in Chronicle in Stone grow into a whole range of works set in varied times and locationsChronicle in Stone is set in Kadare s Southern Albanian home city Gjirokaster and it s clear from page 1 that the city itself is as central to the story as are its people Everything was old and made of stone from the streets and fountains to the roofs of the sprawling age old houses covered with grey slates like gigantic scales It was hard to believe that under this powerful carapace the tender flesh of life survived and reproduced It was a slanted city set at a sharper angle than perhaps any other city on earth and it defied the laws of architecture and city planning The top of one house might graze the foundation of another and it was surely the only place in the world where if you slipped and fell in the street you might well land on the roof of a house a peculiarity known most intimately to drunks The life of the stone city is seen through the eyes of a boy slightly younger than Kadare himself would have been in the late 1930s and early 1940s when the book is set It s only as I m writing this review now that I realize that the first person narrator is unnamed perhaps it is Ismael that s how I think of himThe boy is fascinated by the life of the town especially the women who ran his household and visited it and the two classes of older women the fearsome mothers in law katenxhikas who watched flew open their shutters to exchange news and gossip across the street and the centenarians the old crones who never went out The voices of the village women form part of the background texture of the novel and every now and then a piece of news eagerly told advances the narrativeKadare has a wonderful ear for dialogue and an eye for the ridiculous In this pre modern society traditional beliefs and practices dominate and there is always a great deal going on an aunt s chronic catastrophism managing water cisterns the English pilot s arm Uncle Avdo s failure to shoot a pig in the sky attempts to talk to girls and learn about sex and only partly glimpsed the conseuences for people who don t fit into conventional modes of behaviour a missing daughterAnd always the young men debated politics Albania s recent history had been turbulent and there were already deep divisions in the population before the Italian occupation in 1939 In the short time frame of this novel the Greeks and Italians invaded retreated invaded again the Italians build an aerodrome in the field outside the town And at the end in 1943 the Germans invade and outbreaks of violence that lead to the civil war are beginning As the book progresses the political disturbances become fiercer acts of violence and retribution become freuent within the local population a precursor to the full blown civil war that tore Albania apart and led to a repressive communist nationalist government following the defeat of Italy and Germany after WWII ttpsenwikipediaorgwikiHistoryofAlbaniaDavid Bellos introduction notes that we see these traumatic events in the life of the city through the eyes of a dreamy short sighted and highly imaginative child whose thoughts and interests are in girls hermaphrodites and homosexuals Inserted Fragments of Chronicles written in most part by Italian Garrison Commanders mark changes in political environment and the effects of violence on the people of the town They are identifiably and deliberately separate from the young narrator s voiceHe seems only glancingly interested in the progress of invasion war and wider catastrophe The aerodrome used as a base for bombers is a source of fascination rather than fear for him their bombs were likely to be dropped somewhere else though the aerodrome presence made Gjirokaster a target for English and Allied bombers The boy and others are fascinated by the planes which appear as one of the many story threads Family members were proud that their cellar was labeled by the authorities as a shelter for 90 people while others houses could shelter only 20 30 40 It was a large house full of many things including copper cauldrons plates of all sizes bread bins mortars iron hooks beams steel balls one was supposed to be a cannonball a whole clutter of strange old things but not a single book Visiting the home of a friend who has books the boy is told to take one He finds one with the words ghost witches first murderer and even second murderer seizes it without even looking at title runs home and begins to readIt is Macbeth When his mother makes him stop reading at night because the family has no fuel for a lamp he marvels at what a book this book contains that it calls the imagination to run free The book is a thin object It was so strange Between two cardboard covers were noises doors howls horses people All side by side pressed tightly against one another Decomposed into little black marks Hair eyes legs and hands voices nails beards knocks on doors walls blood the sound of horseshoes shouts All docile blindly obedient to the little black marks The letters run in mad haste now here now there and so it runs on a brilliant telling of the excitement of discoveryBellos writes that this encounter with Macbeth is one of the most important events in the life of the narrator in Chronicle of Stone The underlying material of that play not just ghosts witches and murder but the dynamics of the struggle for power the ineradicable nature of a crime committed and the inexcusable flouting of the rules of hospitality run through Kadare s entire work Kadare s authorial detachment and choice of narrator allow the reader to relatively detached from the horrors happening around to engage with the family and community life of Gjirokaster and to enjoy the often absurdist humour I have already found another of his books The Successorand will continue to search I can see why he was on short lists for consideration for the Nobel Prize in Literature

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Kronikë në gur Free download ↠ 109 Masterful in its simplicity Chronicle in Stone is a touching coming of age story and a testament to the perseverance of the human spirit Surrounded by the magic of beautiful women and literature a boy must endure the deprivations of war as he suffers the hardships of growing up His sleepy country has just thrown off centuries of tyranny but new w. Knowing where the title comes from tells us a lot about this book The city and the stone houses themselves play such a part that they are like characters The story is set in Gjirokaster Albania a city of stone perched on such steep topography that a drunk can slip off the road on one street and land on a roof of a street below The uniueness of the city has earned it UNESCO World Heritage Landmark statusKadare is the classic national writer of Albania He was born in 1936 so this coming of age story is set around WW II and the events leading up to it Gjirokaster changed hands from Italians to Greeks many times in just a few years While in Italian hands it was bombed numerous times by the Allies Eventually the Germans invaded and that started a civil war among monarchists nationalistic rebels and communists Folks caught in the middle of this strife learned the meaning of hell For comparable war time horrors I m reminded of the Indonesian story All That Is GoneAlbania at this time was a pre modern culture Christians and Moslem Albanians had negotiated a truce and lived side by side in the city surrounded by Greek peasants and Gypsies There were epidemics of witchcraft that terrified the residents There were two categories of widowed old crones younger ones who dressed in black who walked the streets gossiping and causing trouble and those old blind and deaf who were seers and never left their homes even during the bombings Grandmothers practiced divination from chicken bones when chickens were available a rare event so that tells us how often they had meat The foreword tells us that the author s numerous references to homosexuality and bisexuality are veiled allusions to the supposed sexual orientation of the former Communist dictator of Albania Hoxha who was a native of Gjirokaster So in the local idiom we hear a lot about women who grew a beard overnightStarving war refugees and defeated soldiers wander though the city at various times In this coming of age story a young boy runs through the town with friends experiences puppy love is taught how to smoke by his grandfather and interprets life around him though snippets of adult conversation Since it is wartime these youthful experiences are surreal You might see a body lying on your front steps stabbed to death or turn a corner and see a woman hanging from a lamp post It s a fascinating book well written and a rare opportunity to look into Albanian cultureTop photo from SarandAlbaniacom Bottom photo from tripadvisorcomrevised 6242017